Back to Health A to Z. This can make it difficult to move the affected finger or thumb and can result in a clicking sensation. It usually affects the thumb, ring finger or little finger.
Many conditions can affect the hands and fingers. In this article, we present some of the common ones. Carpal tunnel syndrome is pressure on the median nerve causing pain over the wrist and fingers.
A sprained thumb occurs when the ligaments that support the thumb stretch beyond their limits or tear. This usually happens when a strong force bends the thumb backwards, away from the palm of the hand. The most common way for this to occur is by falling onto an outstretched hand.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that happens when the median nerve is compressed or squeezed as it passes through the wrist. This happens when the carpal tunnel inside your wrist becomes inflamed. The median nerve controls some of the muscles that move the thumb and carries information back to the brain about sensations in your thumb and fingers.
Our hands connect us with the world. We work with our hands and communicate with our hands. The wear and tear from all that use can sometimes cause painful conditions, and women are particularly prone to develop two of these: de Quervain's pronounced deh-KWER-vins tenosynovitis and stenosing tenosynovitis or trigger finger.
Trigger finger occurs due to inflammation of the tendons that flex your fingers, causing finger tenderness and pain. Advanced symptoms include a thumb, another finger, or both being locked in a bent or straight position. You may also be unable to uncurl your finger without using the other hand if you have an advanced case of trigger finger. The symptoms of trigger finger tend to be worse in the morning.
There are a number of key signs and symptoms practitioners look for when diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis in the hand and wrist, including but not limited to:. Hand joint swelling RA triggers an inflammatory response that results in a buildup of synovial fluid as well as a thickening of joint tissue in fingers and wrists. The swollen joints may feel tender to the touch.
The hand is composed of many different bones, muscles, and ligaments that allow for a large amount of movement and dexterity. There are 3 major types of bones in the hand itself, including:. The 14 bones that are found in the fingers of each hand and also in the toes of each foot. Each finger has 3 phalanges the distal, middle, and proximal ; the thumb only has 2.